A US term for a business that provides employer-like services to independent contractors and freelancers, in exchange for a percentage of the fees collected. See "umbrella company" in the UK and the Netherlands.
An internal group that provides staffing services and solutions within (and usually exclusively for) an organization to place talent in a temporary engagement. This internal staffing group, often operating under its own brand and structured much like a staffing company, provides a variety of traditional staffing services that range from sourcing talent that matches the organization’s temporary engagement needs; to ongoing temporary assignment management support; and the onboarding and offboarding services at the beginning and completion of a temporary engagement.
A term used in the US to describe a service whereby the provider acts as a third-party intermediary between a staffing firm or client and one or more independent contractors, administering the back-office functions related to engaging independent contractors, including payroll and government reporting requirements. It is often used in conjunction with ICEC (Independent Contractor Evaluation and Compliance) services.
Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAE) 16
A standard created by the Auditing Standards Board (ASB) that assesses a service provider’s internal controls and that has replaced the longstanding SAS 70 attestation. SSAE 16 was drafted and issued with the purpose of updating the US service organization reporting standard so that it mirrors and complies with the new international service organization reporting standard – ISAE 3402. SSAE 16 reporting can help service organizations comply with Sarbanes Oxley requirements to show effective internal controls covering financial reporting. It can also be applied to data centers, or any other service that might be used in the delivery of financial reporting such as Managed Service Provision.
Financial compensation to an employee for work-related injuries, in particular compensation of loss of wages, sometimes also for medical costs. Typically one of the major costs that staffing firms are responsible for, and in occupations such as industrial staffing, the cost of workers’ compensation insurance is significant in determining profitability.
A term used in Italy to describe the supply of temporary labor through an agency. In the
US, “leased” employees are those employees who are engaged using a Professional Employer Organization.
Employment responsibilities are typically shared between the leasing company and the client company. The
client company retains essential management control over the work performed by the employees.
A US legal term referring to the client employer’s legal relationship to the employee
in a joint-employer relationship, which usually includes responsibility for day-to-day supervision at the
worksite. (See also: General Employer.)
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 or the American Competitiveness and
Corporate Accountability Act of 2002. Sarbanes-Oxley requires that publicly traded companies tighten
financial controls and audits; CEOs and CFOs must sign off on the accuracy and truth of financial reports.
In particular, SOX Section 404 deals with certifying the sufficiency of controls for detecting fraudulent,
questionable, or unauthorized activity that could impact company financial statements. In many cases,
Section 404 requires companies to take responsibility for the internal controls of service providers in
addition to their own. An SOC 1 (SSAE 16) Type II Audit is one way to accomplish this.
Compensation fee paid to a temporary staffing firm for the loss of an employee
when the staffing firm’s customer hires the temporary employee on a direct-hire basis. This is more typically
known as a Conversion fee in Europe. Some full-service firms prefer to charge a “placement fee” rather
than liquidated damages when this occurs. Many firms allow the liquidated damages or placement fee
to be negotiated over a period of 30 to 180 days on the temporary assignment. (See also: Conversion Fee, Temporary-to-Permanent.)
The provision of labor to a third party, usually providing limited
or no benefits to the workers and for a limited time. Most commonly used to describe agricultural and
construction contract labor arrangements. Sometimes used more broadly to include employee or staff
leasing, temporary help, and other business services such as cleaning and security.
A simplified test of independent contractor status that replaces the previous IRS
Twenty Factor test. The test considers behavior control, financial control and relationship of the parties.
Behavior control requires independent contractors to be free from client control of how they complete
their work. Financial control focuses on the business aspects of the relationship, such as whether the
workers have a significant investment in their business, an opportunity for profit or loss and how they are
paid. Relationship of the parties focuses on how the parties perceive their relationship and considers such factors as the presence or absence of a contract, access to benefits and ability to terminate the relationship.
According to the IRS, the Three Factor Test is only an analytical tool. The legal test of whether an individual
is an employee or an independent contractor is whether there is “a right to direct and control the means and
details of the work,” which the Three Factor Test attempts to make more explicit. (See also: Independent Contractor.)
A visa classification that allows a foreign worker to enter the US temporarily for the purpose
of performing services in a “specialty occupation” for a US employer. The H-1B visa classification requires
that (1) a foreign national be coming to the US to work temporarily in a “specialty occupation”, (2) that the
foreign national have the equivalent of at least a US bachelor’s degree in a field related to that occupation;
and (3) that the sponsoring company pay the foreign national the prevailing wage, provide proper notice
to its workforce, and not be involved in a strike or lockout. The Neufeld Memo of January 2011 contains a
recent update from the State Department regarding H-1B visas and staffing suppliers.
A US legal term usually referring to the staffing company employer, in a co-employer
or joint employer relationship, that is maintaining the employee on a payroll. While not common,
confusingly, the term may sometimes be used in a European context but could refer to other types of
employment relationships. (See also: Special Employer.)
Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (see definition), all employees are either
“exempt” or “non-exempt.” Non-exempt employees are entitled to overtime pay. Exempt employees are not.
Most employees covered by the FLSA are non-exempt. Some are not.
Some jobs are classified as exempt by definition. For example, “outside sales” employees are exempt (“inside
sales” employees are non-exempt). For most employees, however, whether they are exempt or non-exempt
depends on (a) how much they are paid, (b) how they are paid, and (c) what kind of work they do. With few
exceptions, to be exempt an employee must (a) be paid at least $23,600 per year ($455 per week), and (b) be
paid on a salary basis, and also (c) perform exempt job duties.
The practice of an entity, usually a staffing firm, supplying employees to work for a client temporarily, creating a triangular relationship in which the staffing firm employs the worker but the worker is controlled and supervised by the client. Often employee leasing is for work on a specific project that has a start and end date. The leasing company employs the worker on a fixed-term or permanent employment contract (sometimes this is prescribed by law) and pays the worker's wages and withholds and reports employment taxes. The employment relationship between the leasing company and its leased employees is intended to be long-term and not temporary; and the leasing company retains the right to hire, reassign and fire the leased employees. (See also: Professional
Employer Organization, Professional Employer Services, Employer of Record.)
An agreement between an employer and employee that outlines an alternative salary
method of compensation. It includes both standard hours and expected overtime pay, but its use is even
more restrictive than the fluctuating workweek method.
The applicant pays the fee to the employment agency upon placement in a permanent job. APF business was common in the early years of permanent placement, but now accounts for a very small portion of total placement revenue.(See also: Employer Paid Fee) In most European countries, applicant paid fees are legally forbidden for the assignment of temporary workers, except in case of additional training or for CV-drafting services.
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Founded in 1989, Staffing Industry Analysts is the global advisor on staffing and workforce solutions. Our proprietary research covers all categories of employed and non-employed work including temporary staffing, independent contracting and other types of contingent labor.... More